What is soil ? What is ecosystem ? What is photosynthesis ? What is micro nutrients and macro nutrients in soil ?
I am sure many can answer these questions very easily but what if some forgotten all these? Since many are not using these terms on a regular basis, it is very much common for people to forget these. Don’t worry watch this simple explanatory teaching video by Dr. G Nammalvar. Here he explains about what is soils and it should contain properties like
- Physical Properties
- Biological Properties
- Chemical properties
Great! by now all must have understood what actually is called as “Rich Soil”. To prepare a rich and lively soil there are many techniques and one such techniques is called “Amrut Mitti” (Amrut Jal). Amrut means “Nectar food of gods” or “immortality”, Miiti means soil and Jal means water.
Ingredients to prepare Amrut Mitti:
Ingredients for Amrut Mitti range from cow dung, cow urine, biomass like dry and decayed leaves, extracted version of the sugarcane fibre, chemical free black jiggery or Ashwood, or household kitchen waste like vegetable peels.
Detail Preparation of Amrut Mitti and Amrut Jal is explained by Uma Shashikant
Amrut Mitti at Atlanta
Our ancient Indian practice of building soil by adding organic matter to it, is based on a superb understanding of the soil. Here at Atlanta, it is very common for home gardeners to build a raised bed and fill it with store bought soil to grow crops. It is considered an easy and fail-proof method. I fail to see how living soil can be stored and stacked in sealed plastic bags. The soil inside does look dead, though appreciated by many as “pest-free”.
I decided to build the soil in my backyard. The 300sft plot I chose, based on the sun it received, was classic clay that had been stripped of organic matter and compacted as it was a “cleared” kids play area. The first hunt was for a farm and I found one about 6 miles from home. A small homestead run by a couple, who raise a dozen free-roaming cows that feed on the grassland. The owner was selling cow manure, but was aghast at my requirement for fresh cow dung and cow urine. But he loved the concept of amrutjal and mitti, and we hope to make a batch of panchagavya soon. I digress.
The bounty of dried leaves in the yard was collected and chopped. The lawn movers here come with a chopping contraption. I now have a leaf blower that also chops up the leaves. Without being cut, leaves do not compost fast. They were then dunked in amrut jal (equal parts of cow dung and urine, to which a handful of besan and jaggery were added and fermented for 3 days). Amrut jal provides the army of beneficial organisms to work on the soil.
I then layered up the soil with leaves dunked in amrut jal and soil sprinkled on the top. In 45 days, I have this wonderfully crumbly soil that is teeming with earthworms. There is another 45 day green manuring process, but I have not done it as I am eager to plant the seedlings! Will do it on another plot. The first picture shows the bare land before I began. The second one shows the soil as it now is. Yes, the fence has come up after rabbits began invading the garden
The Amrut mitti or Amrut Jal process is an ingenious Indian method of building great soil, by replicating and fast-tracking the soil-building process of nature. Do google for a large number of videos, documents and illustrations.
Before Treating the soil with Amrut Mitti
After Treating with Amrut Mitti
Thanks Uma Shashikant for sharing your experience here.
Additional video on how to prepare Amrut Jal and how to apply them for plants.
Happy Growing 🙂