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Water Requriment Table for Various Crops

This post will talk about the amount of water required for growing a crop. Not all crops required the same amount of water. Some crops required more water and some required very minimal water resources. The need of water will also depends on your soil type, weather conditions, variety of seed, and many more.

The below data table has the information on how much water is required for growing a crop. This data should be helpful for farmers to choose their crop based on their water resources. All farmers should make sure that we use our available water resources effectively.

A special thanks to Mr. for consolidating this useful information

Cereals

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Rice (1100-1250 mm)
Wheat (450-650 mm)

Fibre Crops

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Jute Cotton (550-600 mm) Agave

Flower Crops

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Anthurium
Carnation
China Aster
Chrysanthemum
Crossandra
Cut Chrysanthemum
Cut Rose
Dendrobium Orchid
Gerbera
Gladious
Golden Rod
Jathimalli (Pitchi)
Lilium
Malligai
Marigold
Maruvu
Mullai
Nerium
Rose
Tuberose

Forage Crops

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Cumbu Napier
Deenanath Grass
Fodder Cholam
Fodder Cowpea
Fodder Cumbu
Fodder Maize
Guinea Grass
Kolukattai Pullu
Kudirai Masal (800-1600 mm)
Muyal Masal
Soundal
Veli Masal

Fruit Crops

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Banana (1200-2200 mm) Acidlime (900-1200 mm) Amla
Grapes (500-1200 mm) Apple Annona
Papaya Avocado Apricot
Bread Fruit Ber
Durian Bilimbi
Egg Fruit Carambola
Fig Jamun
Guava (22-30 ltr/plant/day) Karonda
Jack Lemon
Kiwi Loquat
Litchi Mulberry
Mandarin Orange Phalsa
Mango (30-40 ltr/plant/day) Pineapple (700-1000 mm)
Mangosteen Pomegranate
Passion Fruit Rambutan
Peach West Indian Cherry
Pear
Persimmon
Plum
Sapota
Strawberry
Sweet Orange

Medicinal Crops

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Aswagandha
Gloriosa
Phylanthus
Senna
Stevia
Periwinkle
Pyrethrum
Digitalis
Medicinal Dioscorea
Medicinal Solanum
Aloevera
Medicinal Coleus
Tippili

Millets

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Maize (500-600 mm) Cumbu
Kudiraivali
Panivaragu
Ragi (350 mm)
Samai
Sorghum (350-500 mm)
Tenai
Varagu

Oil Seeds

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Sunflower (600-1000 mm) Castor (500 mm)
Gingelly (350-400 mm)
Groundnut (500-550 mm)
Niger
Safflower

Plantation Crops

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Arecanut Coffee Cashewnut
Betelvine Rubber Palmyrah
Cocoa Tea
Coconut (80-100 ltr/plant/day)
Oilpalm

Pulses

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Bengalgram (350 mm)
Blackgram (350 mm)
Cowpea (350 mm)
Field lablab (350 mm)
Garden lablab (350 mm)
Greengram (350 mm)
Horsegram (350 mm)
Redgram (350 mm)
Soybean (350 mm)
Swordbean (350 mm)

Spices

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Allspice
Cardamom
Cinnamon
Clove
Coriander
Fennel
Fenugreek
Garlic
Ginger
Mustard
Nutmeg
Paprika
Pepper (600-900 mm)
Tamarind
Turmeric
Vanilla

Sugar Crops

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Sugarbeet (550-750 mm)
Sugarcane (1800-2200 mm)
Sweet Sorghum

Vegetables

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
Amaranth
Annual Moringa
Ash Gourd
Asparagus
Babycorn
Basella
Beetroot
Bellary Onion (350-550 mm)
Bhendi
Bitter Gourd
Bottle Gourd
Brinjal
Broadbeans (300-500 mm)
Brussels Sprout
Butter Bean
Cabbage (380-500 mm)
Capsicum
Carrot
Cauliflower
Celery
Ceylon Spinach
Chakravathi Keerai
Chekurmanis
Chickpea
Chillies (500 mm)
Chinese Cabbage
Chinese Potato (500-700 mm)
Chow chow
Cluster Beans (300-500 mm)
Coccinia
Colocasia
Cucumber
Curry Leaf
Dioscorea
Elephant Foot Yam
French Bean
Gherkin
Knol-khol
Lablab
Lettuce
Mint
Musk Melon
Palak
Paprika
Peas (350-500 mm)
Potato (500-700 mm)
Pumpkin
Radish
Rhubarb
Ribbed Gourd
Small Onion (350-550 mm)
Snake Gourd
Soybean
Sweet Potato
Tapioca
Tinda
Tomato (600-800 mm)
Turnip
Vegetable Cowpea
Watermelon
Winged Bean

*All the above values are only approximate measurement.

UN has announced that March 22 will be “World Water Day”. Make sure to we save them.

Water = Life, Conservation = Future!

Happy Farming 🙂

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